What Vegetables Can A Sulcata Tortoise Eat? A Guide to Safe and Nutritious Vegetable Options

Tortoises are a trendy pet choice for reptile lovers. One of the most beloved and adored tortoises is the Sulcata Tortoise. These animals are gentle giants, with a lifespan of up to 70 years and an average weight of 50-70 pounds. So how do you keep your Sulcata Tortoise healthy and happy with the vegetables they can eat? 

What Vegetables Can A Sulcata Tortoise Eat?
What Vegetables Can A Sulcata Tortoise Eat?

One of the most important aspects of caring for a Sulcata Tortoise is providing the proper diet. Since Sulcata tortoises diet mainly consists of plants, there are vegetables they should eat and avoid. In this article, we will discuss what vegetables a Sulcata Tortoise can eat and how to provide a varied and balanced diet to ensure your pet stays healthy and happy.

About Sulcata Tortoises

Sulcata tortoises, also known as African spurred tortoises, are some of the most popular pet tortoises in the world. Native to the Sahara Desert region of Africa, they are one of the largest species of tortoise and can grow up to 30 inches long and weigh up to 80 pounds. 

what vegetables can a sulcata tortoise eat
About Sulcata Tortoises

Sulcata tortoises thrive in warm, arid climates, so they must be kept in temperatures ranging from 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. They also need plenty of direct sunlight and room to roam, so they should be kept in an outdoor enclosure if possible. 

Sulcata tortoises are herbivores and need a diet that consists mainly of dark, leafy greens and high-fiber plant matter. They should also have access to a variety of fruits and vegetables for variety, as well as calcium and vitamin supplements. 

Natural Behavior of Sulcata Tortoises

To reach locations with higher moisture levels, Sulcatas will dig pallets or burrows in the ground; in the wild, they may spend the warmest part of the day in these microhabitats. Burrows can be as deep as 30 inches on average; some even create tunnel networks that go 10 feet or deeper. Like most turtles and tortoises native to arid regions, Sulcatas are pretty adept at using water.

what vegetables can a sulcata tortoise eat
Natural Behavior of Sulcata Tortoises

A year-round, comparably warm, and dry habitat must be supplied for captive animals. The Sulcatas do not hibernate, in contrast to the California desert tortoises. Although they can withstand some shockingly low temperatures, they cannot be left outside in cold, damp weather or allowed to get both chilled and wet.

In addition, Sulcata tortoises are very social creatures and need plenty of attention and interaction. They are also very active, so they need plenty of space to roam and explore. They should be provided with various toys and activities to prevent boredom and keep them entertained. 

What Is The Ideal Diet for Sulcata Tortoises?

An ideal Sulcata Tortoise diet should consist of fresh fruits and vegetables, along with some high-fiber hay and grasses. The diet should be high in fiber and low in protein and fat. The ideal diet should also contain calcium, vitamin D3 supplements, and a wide variety of other vitamins and minerals.

What Vegetables Can A Sulcata Tortoise Eat?
What Is The Ideal Diet for Sulcata Tortoises?

Fresh fruits and vegetables are essential to a Sulcata tortoise’s diet. Fruits and vegetables safe for these tortoises include apples, bananas, grapes, melons, carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, bell peppers, and leafy greens such as collards and mustard greens.

In addition to fresh fruits and vegetables, Sulcata tortoises should have access to high-fiber hay and grasses. These should be provided in addition to the fruits and vegetables, not as a replacement. The hay and grasses provide essential fiber, which is vital for healthy digestion and shell development.

The Best Vegetables for Sulcata Tortoises

Sulcata tortoises are a tortoise species native to the desert regions of Africa. These hardy reptiles are relatively easy to care for and make great pets, but they require a diet full of nutrient-rich vegetables to stay healthy. There are many vegetables that make great additions to the diets of Sulcata tortoises, but some are better than others. Here are some of the best vegetables for Sulcata tortoises.

what vegetables can a sulcata tortoise eat
The Best Vegetables for Sulcata Tortoises

1. Carrots

Carrots are a great source of vitamin A, which is essential for good vision and healthy skin. They also contain plenty of fiber and are an excellent source of beta-carotene. Carrots should be chopped into small pieces and served fresh or lightly steamed.

2. Collard Greens

Collard greens are a great source of vitamin K, which helps keep bones strong and healthy. They are also high in fiber and provide a great source of calcium. Collard greens should be chopped up and served fresh or lightly steamed.

3. Okra

Okra is a good source of vitamin C, which helps support the immune system. It also contains plenty of fiber and is an excellent source of calcium. Okra should be served fresh or lightly steamed.

4. Winter Squash

Winter squash contains a good amount of carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, which can help keep your tortoise healthy. The soft, sweet flesh of the squash is easily digested by a Sulcata tortoise and is a great energy source. You can feed your tortoise winter squash in various forms, including cooked, mashed, or cubed.

5. Sweet Potato

Winter potatoes are low in sugar and fat, making them an ideal low-calorie snack for Sulcata tortoises. The high fiber content makes them a perfect food for promoting healthy digestion in Sulcata tortoises. Additionally, the potatoes’ starch can help provide energy for the tortoise to help keep it active and healthy.

6. Dandelion

Dandelion contains vitamins A, B, C, D, and K and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. It is also a great source of antioxidants that help to protect your Sulcata tortoise’s cells from damage. Additionally, dandelions can help reduce inflammation in the body and boost the immune system.

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What Are Vegetables Sulcata Tortoise Should Avoid?

Vegetables are an essential part of a Sulcata tortoise’s diet, but some vegetables should be avoided. These vegetables can be toxic and potentially cause health problems for your beloved pet. Knowing which vegetables can be harmful is vital to keep your Sulcata tortoise safe and healthy. 

what vegetables can a sulcata tortoise eat
What Are Vegetables Sulcata Tortoise Should Avoid?

1. Rhubarb Leaves

Rhubarb leaves are not suitable food for Sulcata Tortoises due to their high oxalic acid content. Oxalic acid can be toxic to Sulcata Tortoises, causing severe health problems such as kidney damage and even death. The stalks of rhubarb are edible for Sulcata tortoises, but the leaves should be avoided. 

2. Potatoes

In their raw form, potatoes contain solanine, which is toxic to Sulcata tortoises. Potato is a starchy vegetable, and it is high in carbohydrates. This can cause health issues for Sulcata Tortoises, as they are not able to digest carbohydrates very well. Cooked potatoes are okay for Sulcata tortoises but should be served in moderation. 

3. Onions

Onions contain sulfur compounds that can be toxic to Sulcata tortoises. Moreover, onions can cause dehydration, and their texture can be challenging to digest. This can cause gastrointestinal issues and difficulty breathing. 


4. Beet Greens

Beet greens are high in oxalic acid, which can be toxic to Sulcata tortoises. Oxalic acid can bind with calcium in the tortoise’s body, leading to calcium deficiencies. Beet greens can also cause digestive issues, such as diarrhea and bloating, and can lead to GI tract problems. 

5. Parsley

Parsley is a member of the carrot family. Like other members of this family, parsley contains oxalates, which are compounds that can lead to the formation of calcium oxalate crystals in the bodies of tortoises. These crystals can lead to serious health problems, such as bladder or kidney stones, so they should be avoided.

6. Spinach

Although spinach is high in fiber, it is also a high oxalate vegetable. Oxalate is a substance that can bind with calcium and contribute to the formation of kidney stones in Sulcata tortoises. Therefore, it should be avoided in their regular diet.

Feeding Tips on Sulcata Tortoises

Taking care of Sulcata tortoises is a long-term commitment and requires specialized care to remain healthy and active. One of the most important aspects of caring for a Sulcata tortoise is maintaining a proper diet. Here are some tips to help you provide the best nutrition for your Sulcata tortoise:

What Vegetables Can A Sulcata Tortoise Eat?
Feeding Tips on Sulcata Tortoises

1. Feed a High Fiber Diet

Sulcata tortoises should be fed a diet high in fiber and low in protein. The Sulcata tortoise diet should consist of at least 80% grasses, hay, and vegetables. Meanwhile, you can feed them 20% of their diet, consisting of fruits, flowers, and supplements.

2. Provide a Variety of Food

To ensure your Sulcata tortoise gets all the essential nutrients they need, provide a variety of food options. Offer different types of grasses and hay, leafy greens such as collard greens, and vegetables such as squash, carrots, and sweet potatoes. Add a few pieces of fruit as additional snacks.

3. Monitor Their Weight Regularly

Monitor your tortoise’s weight and adjust the amount of food accordingly. Knowing the weight of your tortoise provides insight into its health, such as if the weight drops significantly, this could be a sign of a health problem. It helps ensure that the Sulcata tortoise receives the right amount of food. 

Common Health Problems 

Inadequate dietary intake can lead to a number of health problems in Sulcata tortoises. These include metabolic bone disease, which is caused by a lack of calcium and vitamin D3. Let us explain these common health problems, their root causes, and how to prevent them in the following points.

Common Health ProblemsĀ 
Common Health Problems 

1. Obesity

Sulcata tortoises can suffer from obesity if they are overfed with foods that are high in fat and sugar. To prevent obesity, it is vital to feed your Sulcata a diet of mostly grasses, hay, and leafy greens, with occasional treats of fruits and vegetables. 

It is also essential to ensure your Sulcata is getting enough exercise. Provide a large, safe enclosure with plenty of hiding places, and make sure to provide opportunities for your Sulcata to forage and explore. Finally, monitor your Sulcata’s weight and adjust its diet accordingly.

2. Nutritional Deficiency

A Sulcata tortoise can suffer from nutritional deficiencies if it is not provided with a balanced diet. A diet that is deficient in crucial vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients can lead to a variety of health problems. 

To prevent nutritional deficiencies, it is essential to provide the tortoise with a diet that consists of a variety of fresh vegetables, fruits, and commercial tortoise food. Additionally, providing a multivitamin and mineral supplement formulated specifically for tortoises can help ensure that the Sulcata tortoise gets all the nutrients they need.

3. Metabolic Bone Disease

Poor nutrition can lead to problems with the tortoises’ shell and bone structure, as well as issues with their digestive system and overall health. To prevent this, Sulcata tortoises should be fed a diet that consists of a variety of fresh vegetables, fruits, and grasses, as well as a commercial tortoise diet that is specifically designed for their species. 

Additionally, the diet should be supplemented with calcium and other vitamins and minerals, which can be found in commercial tortoise vitamin and mineral supplements. Ensure the diet should be varied to provide the tortoise with a wide range of nutrients.


Eating a variety of vegetables is essential for a Sulcata tortoise’s health and well-being. When selecting vegetables for your Sulcata tortoise, look for those that are high in fiber and low in phosphorus, such as carrots, collard greens, and dandelion greens. While these are the most common vegetables that a Sulcata tortoise can eat, there are other options available, so be sure to research the best options for your pet. With proper diet and care, your Sulcata tortoise can thrive and live a long, healthy life.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Can Sulcatas eat cucumber?

Yes, Sulcatas can eat cucumbers. Cucumbers are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber and are low in calories, making them a healthy snack for Sulcatas. They can also be given tiny amounts of the cucumber plant’s leaves and blossoms.

Can a sulcata tortoise have zucchini?

Yes, a Sulcata tortoise can have zucchini, but in small amounts. Zucchini is high in calcium and phosphorus, both essential for a Sulcata tortoise’s health. It also contains carotenoids, which can help protect against certain diseases.

What is a sulcata tortoise’s favorite food?

A Sulcata tortoise’s favorite food is grasses, as they are herbivores that feed on grasses, weeds, cacti, and succulents. Hay and grass are necessary for Sulcata tortoises to graze on. These foods provide them with the nutrients they need to stay healthy and happy.

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