What Does Indian Star Tortoise Eat

The Indian star tortoise (Geochelone elegans) is one of the most iconic tortoises in the world! This species is such a beauty with its distinctive star-shaped yellow markings on the black shell. Its dazzling appearance will invite you to learn more about this fantastic creature. And so, you might be curious: what does an Indian star tortoise eat?

As a herbivore, the Indian star tortoise has a specialized diet of vegetation and other plant matter. In captivity, Indian Star Tortoises should be provided with various fresh vegetables, fruits, and weeds.

This tortoise species is native to India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. In their original habitat, the average lifespan for Indian star tortoises in the wild is 35 to 80 years. With a healthy diet, this exotic Indian star tortoise in captivity may be able to live as long.

what does star tortoise eat
What does Indian Star Tortoise Eat

If you have an Indian star tortoise, it is essential to feed the tortoise a variety of plant matter, as the Indian Star Tortoise needs necessary vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. In this article, we’ll discuss what the Indian Star Tortoise eats, the importance of its diet, and how to provide it with the nutrients it needs. We shall talk further about the best food for Indian star tortoise!

What should you not feed a star tortoise?

It is essential to learn about foods to avoid for Indian Star Tortoise! Understanding these foods is vital for keeping your star tortoise healthy and happy.

The most important thing to avoid feeding your star tortoise is animal proteins. This includes items such as beef, chicken, pork, and fish. These foods can be complex for the tortoise to digest and cause health problems.

what does indian star tortoise eat
What should you not feed a star tortoise?

It is also important to avoid feeding your star tortoise any type of processed food, such as crackers, chips, or cereals. These foods lack nutritional value and can cause digestive issues. In addition, avoid any type of fruit or vegetable that is not explicitly meant for tortoises. Many fruits and vegetables contain toxins that can be harmful to Indian star tortoises, such as grapes, tomatoes, and onions.

Finally, we also suggest you avoid feeding your star tortoise any type of dairy product. Dairy products can be high in fat and lead to digestive problems and obesity.

What is the star tortoise’s Favorite food?

When it comes to feeding your pet star tortoise, you should provide a variety of fresh and nutritious foods to keep them healthy. Star tortoises enjoy a diet that is high in fiber and low in protein and fat. Their diet should include a variety of dark leafy greens such as romaine lettuce, green leaf lettuce, mustard greens, collard greens, and dandelion greens.

Safe vegetables for Indian star tortoises include squash, bell pepper, carrots, and zucchini. They can also consume small amounts of fruits, such as apples, bananas, grapes, and berries. In addition, you may give it sweet potatoes sometimes, too.

what does indian star tortoise eat
star tortoise’s Favorite food

In addition to a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, star tortoises also enjoy commercially prepared tortoise diets. These specially formulated diets provide balanced and complete nutrition for star tortoises. Some of these diets are even formulated specifically for star tortoises, which makes them an excellent choice for pet owners looking for a convenient way to feed their pets.

What is the best diet for Indian star tortoises?

what does indian star tortoise eat
best diet for Indian star tortoises

Like all reptiles, proper nutrition is essential for the health and well-being of Indian star tortoises. Knowing the best diet for Indian star tortoises is critical to keeping them healthy and happy. Let us explain more about the best diet for Indian star tortoises, including what types of food should be included and how to provide a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs.

Grasses, weeds, succulents & flowers

What do wild Indian star tortoises eat, you might ask? They mostly eat grass, weeds, and other high-fiber greenery! So, in captivity, these ingredients should make up at least 90% of the diet of star tortoises. The majority of a star tortoise’s diet should consist of succulents, mixed grasses, dark greens, weeds from the garden, and gritty leaves.

Most crucial is a varied diet, as many different food products as you can provide. Moreover, the foods can also be mixed or rotated.

Here are examples of food you can give to Indian star tortoises safely:

  • Grasses include timothy, bluegrass, kikuyu, orchard, and Bermuda.
  • Weeds include plantains, mallow, dandelion, chickweed, and clover.
  • Leaves include grape, mulberry, and strawberry.
  • Succulents include opuntia cactus and sedums.
  • Flowers include nasturtium, hibiscus, petunia, pansy, and rose petals (not from a florist).
  • Market items include squash, endive, escarole, radicchio, baby greens, and dandelions.

If at all feasible, we recommend you use organic produce. To increase the fiber content, combine greens from the grocery store with dried weeds or salad hay.

Salad hay

Salad is Indian star tortoises’ staple! You heard that right, though this salad is unlike the one that you eat! This salad consists of chopped-up dried grasses. You can mix plain hay with different dried herbs and flowers to create herbal salad hay. It’s good food because of its rich fiber in the dried grasses. Alternatively, you can introduce other dried plants as alternatives.

Salad hay can be fed on its own or sprinkled over weeds, store-bought greens, or prepared diets for Indian star tortoises. When salad hay is combined with more delectable plants, baby star tortoises will consume it more readily.

You can always have a plate of chopped salad hay inside the cage. In this manner, Indian star tortoises can eat it whenever they are hungry. Additionally, salad hay mimics what is available in nature during the dry season.



We recommend that you give your Indian Star tortoises fruits! This juicy treat can make up up to 5-10% of their diet. This is an excellent source of vitamins, but high sugar content may cause other issues. Therefore, don’t feed your star tortoise too many sweet items, including fruit. They are “junk food” for herbivorous tortoises and, if served in excess, may result in colic, an increase in the number of protozoan parasites, and other issues. Many keepers of star tortoises don’t even offer any fruit. If you want to give them fruits, we recommend you give them apples, papaya, or strawberries. Give, if any, no more than 10% of the entire diet.


The Opuntia ficus-Indica cactus is most frequently used as food for humans and feed for Indian star tortoises. Nopal, Indian fig opuntia, mission cactus, and prickly pear are some other names for it. Although Nopal was originally from Mexico, missionaries in early California planted it all around the missions. Mission cactus is its common name as a result.

The opuntia species without spines have glochids, small, practically undetectable barbed hairs that easily pierce the skin. With a brush and flowing water, you can scrub the pads to get rid of the majority of the glochids. Glochids on your fingers will itch, burn, and ache if you get them. After you brush the cactus, you can provide the delicious treat to your Indian star tortoises safely.

Hay cubes and pellets

Hay cubes are created from grasses that have been dried, chopped, and compacted into tiny blocks, cubes, or pellets. To improve their fiber content, they can be combined with other foods. They are beneficial for feeding during a fictitious dry or hot season. Before feeding, soak the pellets to make them softer.

Hay cubes and pellets
Hay cubes and pellets

Hay pellets are available in pet stores in the rabbit and guinea pig sections or in feed shops. For tortoises, for instance, Timothy hay and orchard hay pellets are good options. Star tortoises typically have healthy appetites, although they can be finicky little eaters and may reject hay cubes if alternative foods are available.


Like other tortoises, Indian star tortoises also need supplements. Supplements for Indian star tortoises include calcium and vitamin D3. They need these supplements because they need calcium to grow strong shells, and vitamin D3 helps them to absorb the calcium and maintain healthy bones and muscles. Moreover, you can give them multivitamins to complement vitamins and other nutrition they don’t get from the essential diet.


Water is essential for Indian star tortoises in order to maintain hydration and health. They need a shallow dish of water for drinking and soaking, which should be changed and cleaned daily. This helps keep the water free of bacteria and other contaminants and also allows them to hydrate and cool off. Water also helps them to eliminate waste and keep their skin and shell hydrated and healthy.

How often do Indian star tortoises eat?

In the wild, Indian star tortoises typically graze on grasses, fruits, and flowers throughout the day. They have adapted to foraging for food in their natural habitat, which means that they are not accustomed to eating large meals.

In captivity, Indian star tortoises should still be offered small amounts of food several times a day. Hence, it’s important that you design a timely Indian Star Tortoise feeding schedule!

what does indian star tortoise eat
How often do Indian star tortoises eat

A good rule of thumb is to feed your tortoise once a day. You can give it in the morning or the evening at the same time. Moreover, the meals’ size should depend on the tortoise’s weight and the type of food offered.

A pinch of food should be enough for younger tortoises, while larger tortoises may need full-size food. Vegetables, fruits, and specially formulated tortoise food are all good options for feeding your tortoise. Understanding how often to feed an Indian Star tortoise will ensure they are not overfed or underfed.

In any case, an optimal Indian star tortoise meal planning will ensure that the guys receive balanced nutrients!

How much do Indian star tortoises eat?

Regarding how much Indian star tortoises should eat, it is best to offer them as much as they will eat in one sitting. Indian star tortoises should be fed daily and given as much food as they can in a 10-15 minute period. 

Indian star tortoises typically eat about 1/4 cup of food per day. This amount is determined by the size of the tortoise, as smaller tortoises will need to consume less food than larger tortoises. 

how much do Indian star tortoises eat
How much do Indian star tortoises eat?

The diet of an Indian star tortoise should consist of high-quality commercial tortoise food, as well as fresh vegetables and fruits. It is essential to understand Indian star tortoise eating habits. This way, you can ensure that the tortoise receives all the necessary vitamins, minerals, and nutrients for a healthy life.

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Indian Star Tortoise Feeding Tips

Indian Star Tortoises have a very particular diet, so if you own one, it’s essential to understand their feeding needs. A proper feeding setup for Indian star tortoises will ensure that they actually consume the food! Here are some tips for feeding your tortoise.

indian star tortoises feeding Tips
Indian Star Tortoise Feeding Tips

1. Provide a variety of foods

Indian star tortoises are omnivorous, so they need a varied diet of plants. Offer them a variety of dark leafy greens such as kale, dandelion greens, collard greens, turnip greens, and endive. Supplement with a variety of fresh vegetables, such as carrots, bell peppers, squash, potatoes, and sweet potatoes.

A diverse diet will provide the tortoises with essential vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that may not be found in a single food source. Additionally, providing a variety of foods helps to prevent boredom from a monotonous diet, as well as helps to keep the tortoises interested in their food.

2. Offer a small amount of fruits.

To encourage Indian star tortoise to eat more, you need to be creative with the menu! You can provide occasional fruits, such as apples, apricots, pears, and melons, to your Indian star tortoises. Fruits are rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that help promote a healthy shell, skin, and overall health.

Moreover, they also provide a source of natural hydration and can help stimulate the appetite. Fruits also offer variety in the tortoise’s diet, which helps keep them from becoming bored with their food.

Offer a small amount of fruits.
Offer a small amount of fruits

3. Include calcium and vitamin supplements

In order to ensure that your tortoise is getting all the nutrients it needs, provide a calcium and vitamin supplement. These can be sprinkled onto food, or you can provide a cuttlebone or a mineral block for your tortoise to nibble on.

In fact, they can also help to prevent metabolic bone disease, which can be caused by a deficient diet. In addition, calcium and vitamin supplements can help to promote growth and development, strengthen the shell, and improve the overall health of the tortoise.

4. Provide a water source

The best way to provide a water source for an Indian star tortoise is to use a shallow water dish or water bowl that is wide enough for the tortoise to easily access the water. Make sure to check the water often and replace it with fresh, clean water to prevent bacteria from growing.

Water helps them to stay hydrated, which is necessary to maintain their digestive system and even their shell health. It also allows them to soak and cool off when they become too hot. 

Provide a water source
Provide a water source.

5. Offer a high-quality commercial tortoise diet.

Offering a high-quality commercial tortoise diet, such as the Mazuri tortoise diet, while feeding Indian star tortoises is the best way to ensure that your pet gets all the necessary nutrients for proper growth and health. This diet is specifically designed for Indian star tortoises and is rich in natural ingredients such as alfalfa, dried fruits, and vegetables. 

Additionally, the Mazuri tortoise diet is fortified with essential vitamins and minerals, providing all the necessary nutrition for your pet. It is also low in sugar and fat, promoting a healthy weight.

6. Monitor your tortoise weight regularly

It is crucial to monitor your tortoise’s weight to ensure that it is getting the right amount of nutrition and not becoming overweight. To monitor your tortoise’s weight, you will need to weigh your tortoise on a regular basis using a digital scale. If you notice any sudden changes in your tortoise’s weight, it is essential to contact your veterinarian, as this could indicate a potential health issue.

Why should you check Indian star tortoises’ poop?

As a pet owner, it is essential to stay vigilant about the health of your animals. One of the most important steps you can take to ensure your pet’s health is to regularly check its poop. This is especially important for owners of Indian star tortoises, as these tortoises can suffer from a range of digestive issues. By periodically checking their poop, you can detect any potential health problems early on and take the necessary steps to treat them.

Fresh tortoise stools need to be firm and dark in color. Your Indian star tortoise may have internal parasites, or it may be eating the wrong food if its excrements are consistently lighter, green, and loose. The more undigested plant debris can be found in the waste, the greater the food’s coarse fiber content.

why should you check Indian star tortoises poop
check Indian star tortoises’ poop

The most common digestive problems faced by Indian star tortoises are parasites and bacterial infections. Parasites can cause a range of symptoms, from loss of appetite to diarrhea. Bacterial infections can also cause digestive issues, such as vomiting and bloody stools. Checking your tortoise’s poop regularly can help you to detect any of these issues early on. You should take your pet to the vet immediately if you notice any abnormalities.

Supplement and Vitamins for Your Indian Star Tortoise

To meet Indian star tortoise vitamin requirements, you should consider giving it a supplement! A balanced and varied diet usually will cover their nutrient needs. However, sometimes your tortoise needs some boost, especially when they are recovering from illness. You can also consider giving them extra vitamins in colder or extremely hot seasons to increase their immunity.

Here are some supplemental foods and vitamins that you can get for your Indian stars!


The Indian star tortoise is a fantastic and herbivorous creature in its diet. This means that it can eat a variety of plant matter, including grasses, fruits, and vegetables. This species is sensitive to changes in its diet, so owners should provide a variety of foods to ensure they get all the nutrients they need. With proper care and diet, the Indian star tortoise can live a long and healthy life and make an excellent pet.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What vegetables can Indian star tortoise eat?

Indian star tortoises can eat a variety of vegetables, such as leafy greens, tomatoes, bell peppers, squash, and sweet potatoes. These vegetables provide essential vitamins and minerals that the tortoise needs to stay healthy. It is also important to give the tortoise a variety of vegetables to ensure that it gets enough nutrients.

Can Indian star tortoises eat lettuce?

Yes, Indian star tortoises can eat lettuce, but it’s not nutritionally significant for them. Instead, dandelions and other weeds are generally better. However, lettuce is a low-calorie and low-fat food, so it can be a good addition for obese tortoises since it won’t add too many extra calories.

Can we give a banana to an Indian star tortoise?

No, it is not recommended to give bananas to Indian star tortoises. This is because bananas are high in sugar and are not part of their natural diet. Too much sugar can be unhealthy for them, leading to weight gain, digestive problems, and other health issues. If you want to give them fruits, choose a small number of tomatoes, apples, papaya, or melon.

Can star tortoises eat fruit?

Yes, star tortoises can eat fruit. Fruits provide essential vitamins, minerals, fiber, and water, which are necessary for a healthy diet. However, make sure that fruits are only approximately 5 percent of the diet. This is because high sugar from fruits can lead to various health issues.

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