What Can A Greek Tortoise Eat

As the name implies, Greek tortoises are native to the Mediterranean region and are known for their small size and unique shell markings. They are herbivorous animals, meaning they mainly feed on vegetation such as grasses, weeds, and wildflowers. When taking care of Greek tortoises, they should be offered a variety of plant materials to ensure a balanced diet. But what else can a Greek tortoise eat to stay healthy and happy? 

What Can A Greek Tortoise Eat
Food For Greek Tortoise

In the wild, Greek tortoises eat high fiber and low protein. In captivity, a diet should also resemble the wild condition. However, they should not be fed too much fruit, as it is high in sugar and can lead to obesity. If you are going to take care of it and need to know what a Greek tortoise eats, then you have come to the right place! In this article, we’ll explore the diet of a Greek tortoise and learn what they need to eat to stay healthy and thrive.

What Is A Greek Tortoise?

A Greek Tortoise (also known as a Spur-thighed Tortoise) is found throughout the Mediterranean region. It is one of the most commonly kept tortoise species in captivity and is a popular pet for reptile enthusiasts. The Greek Tortoise is a medium-sized tortoise growing to a maximum length of 5-8 inches. They are a terrestrial species, meaning they prefer to live on land rather than in water.

What Can A Greek Tortoise Eat
What Is A Greek Tortoise

Greek Tortoises have a dome-shaped carapace or shell, typically dark brown or black. The plastron, or bottom of the shell, is usually tan or yellow and slightly concave. They have short necks and heads covered in scales and short tails. They have four short and robust legs, each with five toes.

Regarding diet, the Greek Tortoise is a herbivore, meaning it primarily consumes plants. They feed on various types of grass, flowers, and herbs in the wild. In captivity, they should be fed a variety of greens, such as collard greens, dandelion greens, and kale.

What Is The Best Diet for Greek Tortoises?

Providing the best diet for Greek tortoises is essential for their health and longevity. With the proper diet, you can ensure that your tortoise gets all the nutrients and vitamins needed to stay healthy and active. Let us elaborate more about the best diet for Greek tortoises you can try.

What Can A Greek Tortoise Eat
What Is The Best Diet for Greek Tortoises

High Fiber Low Protein Diet

A high-fiber diet for a Greek tortoise should consist mainly of dark leafy greens such as collard greens, dandelion greens, mustard greens, and turnip greens. It should also contain other vegetables such as carrots, squash, zucchini, and bell peppers. High-fiber diets help to keep the tortoise’s digestive system healthy and can help prevent digestive issues such as constipation.

They can eat small amounts of chopped fruits. Fruits such as apples, bananas, blueberries, grapes, and melon can also be offered to provide additional vitamins and minerals. However, it shouldn’t account for more than 10% of their diet. Overeating fruit can cause digestive problems in Greek Tortoises, such as diarrhea and bloating.

Commercial Pellet Fed

You can add a high-quality commercial pellet supplied daily to your Greek tortoise’s diet as a supplement. Greek tortoises need supplements because their diet in the wild is varied and includes plants, grasses, and other vegetation, as well as small invertebrates. In captivity, a diet of primary vegetables can be deficient in essential vitamins and minerals, so a calcium supplement and a multivitamin should be added to their food. 


Greek tortoises need water to stay hydrated and to help with digestion. Additionally, they need to have a shallow bowl of water available in their enclosure to help them regulate their body temperature. Your tortoise should be able to walk into a water dish and use it for drinking or urinating when necessary. To keep things clean, change the water daily or as often as needed.

How Often To Feed A Greek Tortoise?

You have the option of feeding your tortoise once or twice daily. We recommend eating a substantial amount of mixed veggies twice daily. Depending on how big or small your tortoise is, you should feed it in portions equal to the size of your fist twice daily.

As they grow, you’ll see that they’ll require more food and come to your dish in search of it. Simply pay attention to the cues they provide you to better comprehend their needs. Moreover, you can offer a variety of fresh vegetables, dark leafy greens, and occasional fruits. Remember to give a calcium supplement and vitamin 2-3 times per week.

What Can A Greek Tortoise Eat
How Often To Feed A Greek Tortoise

How Can My Greek Tortoise Eat Properly and Safely?

Greek tortoises are a popular pet choice due to their unique look and easy maintenance. While they can be a great addition to any household, it’s essential to understand the needs of your Greek tortoise to keep them healthy and safe. So, we will explore the important aspects of feeding your Greek tortoise properly and safely in the following tips.

what can a greek tortoise eat
How Can My Greek Tortoise Eat Properly and Safely?

Choose The Right Food Plate

A plate is an essential item when feeding your Greek tortoise. We recommend you choose a rock food plate since it prevents the food from contaminating the bedding, which could harm the animals if ingested. 

The feeding plate also offers other advantages, such as being simple to maintain cleanliness and letting your tortoise know that he may always find food here. Once they’ve finished eating, make an effort to clear the food as much as possible.

Provide Additional Vitamins and Turtle Bones

Like people, Greek tortoises also require a regular supply of vitamins and food. Additionally beneficial to include in your tortoise habitat are turtle bones. They are an excellent supply of calcium, which your turtle needs. Another approach to trimming their beaks and preventing enlarged beaks is to have one in their enclosure.

It’s a fantastic idea to get vitamin sprays or drops that you may put just 1-2 sprays or drops on their food. This will provide them with the vital vitamins and minerals that are less in their food or from natural sources like sunlight and water. Vitamin overdose can result in diarrhea, so please ensure you take only the prescribed dosage listed on the bottle.

Prepare Water Dish

A water dish for a Greek tortoise is used to provide a source of drinking water. Keeping the water dish whole is essential, as Greek tortoises need to stay hydrated. We recommend you always maintain a low, accessible water dish in their enclosure. 

Moreover, your tortoise could use this to urinate or drink. Make sure to change this each day. Otherwise, it will contaminate your Greek tortoise water.

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Greek Tortoise Illness Caused By Wrong Diet

Unfortunately, an incorrect diet can lead to serious health issues in Greek Tortoises. Without proper nutrition, these animals can suffer from various ailments, including malnutrition and shell deformities. To ensure a long and healthy life for these beloved animals, it is essential to understand the dietary needs of the Greek Tortoise and provide the correct nutrition for its species.

Greek Tortoise Illness Caused By Wrong Diet
Greek Tortoise Illness Caused By Wrong Diet

Dehydration and Malnutrition

Greek tortoises can become dehydrated and malnourished for various reasons, including needing access to enough fresh food and water, exposure to extreme temperatures, and need for more natural light. Additionally, inadequate husbandry, such as not providing a large enough enclosure or insufficient substrate for the tortoise to burrow in, can also lead to dehydration and malnutrition.

Sunken eyes suggest dehydration, whereas enlarged bodily tissues and pasty or watery stools indicate malnutrition or illness. Alternatively, a tortoise that appears too overweight could suffer from huge bladder stones, which necessitates veterinary care. 

Bone Disease

Greek tortoises can suffer from the bone disease for various reasons, including inadequate diet, improper habitat, and lack of exercise. An inadequate diet can lead to a lack of essential vitamins and minerals, weakening the immune system and decreasing bone density. 

Bone Disease
Bone Disease

A soft shell is frequently a sign of the bone disease fibrous osteodystrophy, usually caused by malnutrition from a lack of adequate calcium to phosphorus ratio, sunshine, or both. You may also see raised “pyramidal” scutes on the upper shell as one of the symptoms. It can be avoided and treated by giving your tortoise a healthy meal regularly and by letting it spend time outside.

Vitamin Deficiency

If Greek tortoises are not given a balanced diet that includes a range of fresh fruits and vegetables, they may experience vitamin deficiencies. Additionally, certain overeating foods, such as lettuce, which is abundant in water and low in vitamins and minerals, can result in vitamin deficiencies. A lack of exposure to natural sunlight can also contribute to vitamin deficiencies, as vitamin D is produced in the body from sun exposure.

Due to their propensity for vitamin A deficiency, turtles frequently exhibit puffy eyelids and nasal discharge. Long-lasting shell abnormalities can result from persistent vitamin A lack.


Greek tortoises are susceptible to obesity if their diet contains excessive high-calorie foods such as fruits and vegetables and inappropriate foods like cat or dog chow. If they are not given enough chances to exercise and move about, they may potentially develop obesity.

A large, bloated body, lethargy, lack of energy, and swelling around the eyes are a few symptoms of obesity. These symptoms are caused by the excess fat stored in the Greek tortoise’s body, which can lead to health problems and a reduced lifespan.


Diarrhea in Greek tortoises can appear as a white liquid. Seeing this means that they haven’t been responding well to something in your eating plan. Suppose this happened to me once or twice; it usually occurs when too much fruit is provided. 

Therefore, try to only feed your tortoise a tiny bit of fruit once or twice a week at most. Even though Greek tortoises adore fruit, overeating it is terrible for them. If your tortoise still suffers from diarrhea, it is essential to take it to the vet to get a proper diagnosis and treatment.


In conclusion, Greek tortoises are herbivores that can eat various plants. They should have a diet primarily of dark leafy greens, fruits, vegetables, and insects. However, additional vitamins and supplements are also needed to balance their nutrient intake. And this article will give you more insights into how to provide them a balanced diet and ensure they are getting all the nutrients they need.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What can Greek tortoises not eat?

Greek tortoises should not eat anything high in phosphorus, calcium, and protein. This includes foods such as nuts, seeds, and dog or cat food. They should also avoid foods that are high in oxalates, such as spinach, rhubarb, and kale. In addition, they should not eat any fruits or vegetables that are not explicitly recommended for tortoises.

How often does a Greek tortoise eat?

Greek tortoises typically eat small amounts of food several times a day. They should be provided with a variety of fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as some high-quality turtle pellets. They need a diet that is high in calcium, low in protein, and high in fiber. Regular feedings of spring mix and dark leafy greens, including kale, dandelion, mustard, collard, and turnip greens, are recommended.

Do Greek tortoises eat lettuce?

Yes, Greek tortoises can eat lettuce as part of a varied diet. However, lettuce should only make up a small portion of the tortoise’s diet and should be supplemented with other vegetables and fruits. Despite the fact that they also like lettuce, it is not advisable for them to eat it too much because it needs more nutrients than tortoises require to survive.

What can tortoises not eat?

Tortoises should not eat any dairy products, processed foods, raw meats, or junk food. They should also avoid foods containing high levels of oxalic acid, such as spinach and rhubarb. Tortoises should not eat foods that are high in sugar, salt, or fat or foods that contain artificial colors and preservatives, as these can be harmful to their health. They should also avoid eating any type of plant or animal matter that has been treated with chemical pesticides or herbicides.

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